Tag Archives: To Kill A Mockingbird

Book Review: Go Set A Watchman by Harper Lee

This has been by quite some margin the most anticipated book of the year. All over the English-speaking world, people have been busily re-reading To Kill A Mockingbird in preparation for the release of its follow-up. This particular reader chose not to. I maintained a strong memory of the impression that To Kill A Mockingbird made on me when I read it as part of my English Literature GCSE. I didn’t want to alter that memory, flawed as it may be, but I have been timing my reading carefully so that I would be able to read the sequel as soon as it was released. You may recall I wrote about my hopes and fears about the novel.

So it was that on the day of its publication, Tuesday the 14th of July 2015, that I set off during my lunchbreak to Foyles to pick up a copy. So what did I find?

*spoiler alert – I will be giving some details of the storyline in this review*

Set some 20 years after Mockingbird, we get a reintroduction to some of the characters. The book’s focus is on Jean Louise, who most readers will remember went by her nickname, Scout. But here, she’s a grown woman, so references to Scout are few and far between. There are some flashbacks to her childhood with her brother Jem, but very few of these link directly to the summer of Tom Robinson. The case is referred to, though not by name. In this recollection, the defendant was said to have had one arm. I don’t recall Tom having one arm in Mockingbird, so maybe one of you can enlighten me on this point.

The first 100 pages or so are setting us up, introducing the characters, but very little else. That might be a bit unfair, because Lee is good at making her characters have independent voices. Much of the book is written in dialogue form, and there are times when Lee drops the narrative aid of “said Jean Louise” or “said Atticus” for some time. If this were a lesser writer, sometimes you have to turn back a page or two to work out who is speaking. Not so in this case. The voices are so distinctive that with just a sentence or two, you know whose voice is speaking. And even as I read in my head, without overdoing the phonetic spellings, I still ended up with an array of American accents in my inner monologue.

Then comes the sucker punch. Jean discovers some literature in Atticus’ possession which are of a decidedly racist nature. Jean Louise is then torn. To her, Atticus had been the model of all that was virtuous and just. Yet here, and in a public meeting he was spotted at, he was seen sharing a platform with those who viewed one race as superior to another. To whom can Jean Louise turn?

Towards the end of the book, there is a practical issue that has caused some problems. That is, on the books with the orange covers, the bottom of some of the pages haven’t printed properly. There are several paragraphs missing. So I still cannot tell you for sure how the book ends. I have a very good idea, but some of the details are missing.

What I can tell you is that it has really pissed some people off. While Mockingbird was seen as a triumph of liberal social attitudes over racism, there is more of a compromise here. If you can’t beat them, learn to live with them. In some ways this is even more liberal, as Atticus refuses to make an enemy out of racists. Instead, he is adamant that they must be given a platform and not have their views censored simply because some might disagree with them.

Some reviewers have chosen to see this is as Atticus becoming a racist. It’s not quite that simple.

What the book shares with Mockingbird is that it is a book about growing up. Only now this is something more of a grown-up kind of ‘growing up’. The thing is, Jean Louise idolised Atticus somewhat (as have many readers – or viewers of the film of Mockingbird) and at some point we must learn that our idols will let us down. Atticus knew it was coming, as did others, but Jean Louise didn’t. He was her rock, her point of steadfast faithfulness and upright morality whom she could lean on. Now that source of stability was rocking and she suffers a crisis of identity.

I don’t know about other readers, but I could readily identify with the theme of disappointment in one’s parents. I recently sat at endured something of a rant that my father that could only ever be described as homophobic. I disagree with him vehemently on the issue, although he doesn’t know this. I simply bite my tongue. There are times I’ve wanted to scream in his face and tell him how vile I find his hatred. In this book, Jean Louise does my shouting for me.

Just as To Kill A Mockingbird stayed with people for a long time, so will Go Set A Watchman, but for very different reasons.

Hoping for Harper Lee

Today sees the release of the year’s most anticipated book: Go Set A Watchman by Harper Lee. My plan is to use my lunchbreak to head to a bookshop, buy a copy and then set about reading it. So do look out for a review appearing on this blog within the next few weeks. Why is it so keenly anticipated, though?

Partly there is the mystique surrounding Harper Lee and the fact that she has spent most of her life as a “one-hit wonder” in the same league as J.D. Salinger. Rumours have long abounded about other works, but it was only earlier this year that it was confirmed that we would have a follow-up to ‘To Kill A Mockingbird’. Many have taken to re-reading Mockingbird in preparation for its sequel, though I’ve opted not to. I retain a strong memory of a book I read several times as I was studying it for my GCSEs. Unlike Pride and Prejudice, which I was also made to study, this was a book I fell in love with. As soon as one does, you can see why it has been considered a classic.

Though a work of fiction, Mockingbird told much truth and gave an insight into the place and time to which it related: the racist deep south of the USA. Atticus Finch was the hero of the story, standing up to the hegemony of hatred and giving a voice to the voiceless. The civil rights movement was meant to address this aspect of American society and to ensure that all people were treated as the equals that they were, regardless of the colour of their skin. Yet the civil rights movement seems only to have been a partial success. Legally, it has succeeded, but it doesn’t seem to have universally won over hearts and minds.

And racial tensions are on the rise again. With instances of institutional racism on the part of white police brutalising black citizens, with black churches being attacked by gunmen and their buildings being burnt to the ground, with the confederate flag being banned in places and (according to a documentary on Channel 4 last night) an increase in the membership of Ku Klux Klan, one cannot help but think back to the America of the 1950s and 1960s and think that whatever progress may have been made, it simply isn’t enough.

There was understandable rejoicing when Barack Obama was elected and re-elected as president, but he remains far from universally respected in the American domestic political arena, and a lame duck as his party doesn’t control one of the two houses of their decidedly odd form of government.

It is into this arena, this day and age, that we see the eventual publication of Go Set A Watchman. Can Harper Lee speak truth to a society, one that is so pivotal in the world stage, and bring healing and hope where there is hurting and hate?

One of the things that is different about this, is that Go Set A Watchman wasn’t written for 21st century America. It was written before To Kill A Mockingbird, with the first published work being a prequel to the one that sees the light of day today. We may read with the hindsight of 55 years, but in doing so we must be careful not to project that hindsight back onto the book, which wasn’t written by the 89 year old Harper Lee; it was written by a much younger woman.

There have been early rumours that Atticus Finch has been made less than the ideal model of gracious virtue, but as for the plot, the rest of the characterisations and the quality of writing, that is all yet to be discovered by a legion of readers across the world. I’m looking forward to reading it and I hope you are too.

God willing, there should be a review appearing on this blog in a few weeks.